Surgical therapy is often a
choice for patients with some type of cancer. It is often used as a measure
to diagnose or treat cancer. In certain circumstances, it can be used to prevent the development of the tumor in
people at high risk. If cancer has not spread, removal through surgery can be a way to cure the
Preparation for The Procedure: In preparation, the patient
should become well informed about what is going to occur. It is important to talk to your
doctor about the treatment options, and to discuss the outcome with other patients who have experienced surgery
for the same condition. You should get pre-approval from your insurance company and fill out an informed consent
pre-operative testing must be scheduled and performed. Your doctor may also ask you to
make some lifestyle changes in preparation for the surgery such as stopping smoking or losing weight.
In addition, you may
need to do certain things such as not eating for a period of time prior to the surgery.
Your surgeon prepares for the surgery by
reviewing the results of your preoperative tests. He or she will also review your
file for the different medications you currently take and any possible allergic reactions so he can be prepared
for the surgery.
At the beginning of the surgery, the patient will usually receive some sort of
anesthesia. The type will depend on the operation you will be receiving. The actual operation will be
different based on the type of cancer being treated and the kind of surgery that is being
performed. After the surgery has been completed, there will be a recovery period.
Sometimes drains or tubes will stick out of the
area of the incision to help excess fluids drain away from your body. If you have one or more drains,
they will be removed by the doctor after they are no longer needed to collect fluid. This may be while you are still
in the hospital or you may go home return to your doctor's office in a few days where they will be
There are a number of surgical techniques that may be used; it depends on the
location and the type of cancer surgery you are subject to. Laser surgery is often used
when extreme precision is required, such as in the area of the eye. Electrosurgery uses electrical current that
is at a high frequency and is often used for certain skin cancers. Cryosurgery is sometimes used
to treat conditions before they become cancerous. It includes the use of a liquid
nitrogen spray that freezes cancerous cells so that they will die. Laparoscopic surgery uses a
very thin tube inserted through a small hole. Microscopically controlled
surgery uses a microscope to examine the area of the skin that is shaved away layer by layer until the cancerous
cells are removed. Thorascopic surgery is often used in the lungs as it includes a camera so the doctor can see
what is going on in the chest.
Time: This period will be different depending on the type of surgery you had and the kind of
anesthesia that was administered.
You may be in a recovery area for a while before you are taken to a room for an
overnight stay, or you may be allowed to go home after you have been in the recovery room without needing a
longer hospital stay. You will be asked to eat and drink as part of the process of recovering from your surgical
helps the medical team to assess how well you are recovering. Many people are on a clear
liquid diet to begin with until the bowel begins normal function again.
Side Effects: These depend on the type of surgery, the health of the patient, and the experience of the
should fully discuss the risks and side effects of your particular surgery before you agree to